The Miranda Rights, which begin with "you have the right to remain silent" and further state "anything said can and will be used against you in a court of law" were spawned from the 1966 landmark case of Miranda vs. Arizona.
In 1963, Ernesto Miranda, of Phoenix, was arrested and charged with rape, kidnapping and robbery. Miranda was not informed of his rights before being interviewed. During an interrogation, Miranda allegedly confessed to the crimes.
Miranda had not finished ninth grade and had a mental problems. At trial, the prosecution's case against Miranda consisted only of his confession. Miranda was convicted and sentenced to prison.
In 1966, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in a 5-4 decision that Miranda's confession could not be used as evidence in a criminal trial because police failed to tell Miranda of his constitutional rights to an attorney and against self-incrimination.
Without his confession but using other evidence and witnesses, Miranda was retried and convicted in 1967. He was sent to prison and paroled in 1972. After his release, Miranda returned to his old neighborhood where he made a modest living autographing Miranda Rights cards for police officers and others. The cards have the text of the written warning and are read to suspects by officers.
In 1976, Miranda was stabbed to death at a bar during an argument.
For information buy the 55-page booklet "Historic Supreme Court Decisions: Miranda vs. Arizona" for .99 cents http://www.amazon.com/dp/B004ZUS9T0/ref=rdr_kindle_ext_tmb